The timing element, in particular, feels like one where we’d love to dig deeper. And we just so happen to have a host of data on this from the 2 million users who have signed up for Buffer!
With a big hand from our data team, we analyzed over 4.8 million tweets across 10,000 profiles, pulling the stats on how clicks and engagement and timing occur throughout the day and in different time zones. We’d love to share with you what we found!
The best time to tweet: Our 4.8 million-tweet research study
Our key learnings
Wow, we learned so much looking at the awesome stats from those who use Buffer! Here were some of the takeaways we came up with. I’d love to hear what catches your eye, too!
Early mornings are the best time to tweet in order to get clicks.
Evenings and late at night are the best time, on average, for total engagement with your tweets
In some cases, the most popular times to post are opposite of the best times to post.
Popular times and best times to tweet differ across time zones.
The most popular time to tweet:
Noon to 1:00 p.m.
We’ve taken the data from all tweets sent through Buffer to find the most popular times for posting to Twitter. Looking at all tweets sent across all major time zones, here is an overview of the most popular times to tweet.
Noon to 1:00 p.m. local time, on average for each time zone, is the most popular time to tweet
The highest volume of tweets occurs between 11:00 a.m. and 1:00 p.m., peaking between noon and 1:00 p.m.
The fewest tweets are sent between 3:00 and 4:00 a.m.
Here’s the chart for the most popular times worldwide, taken from an average of 10 major time zones (the times represent local time).
Here is the graph for the most popular times to tweet in each of the four major U.S. time zones.
(We normalized the data to account for daylight’s savings in the U.S. as well.)
Here are the charts for the major time zones in Europe and Africa.
(Note: The London (GMT) time zone used to be the default time zone for new Buffer users, so our data for GMT is not as clean as we would like it to be. We’ve omitted any takeaways for GMT from the research results here.)
Here are the charts for the major time zones in Asia and Australia.
It’s interesting to see how the most popular time to tweet varies across the time zones. We’ve shared Buffer’s 10 most popular time zones in the charts above. Here’s a list of each most popular hour for the 10 major time zones.
Los Angeles, San Francisco, etc. (Pacific Time): 9:00 a.m.
Denver (Mountain Time): noon
Chicago (Central Time): noon
New York, Boston, Atlanta, Miami, etc. (Eastern Time): noon
Madrid, Rome, Paris, etc. (Central European): 4:00 p.m.
Cape Town, Cairo, Helsinki, etc. (Eastern European): 8:00 p.m.
Sydney (Australian Eastern): 10:00 p.m.
Hong Kong (Hong Kong Time): 8:00 a.m.
Tokyo (Japan Time): 2:00 a.m.
Shanghai, Taipei, etc. (China Time): noon
For any clarification on this or the other research throughout this article, feel free to leave a comment and we’ll get right back to you.
Takeaways & thoughts:
The most popular time to post could be due to a number of factors: This is when most people have access to Twitter (perhaps at a work computer), this is when online audiences are most likely to be connected (see Burrito Principle), etc.
Should you post during the most popular times? That’s one possibility. Also, you may find success posting at non-peak times, when the volume of tweets is lower.
If you have a large international audience on Twitter, you may wish to locate the particular part of the world where they’re from, and adjust your schedule accordingly. You can find the times when your audience may be online with tools like Followerwonk and Crowdfire.
The best times to tweet to get more clicks
We were excited to dig into the specific metrics for each of these tweets, too, in hopes of coming up with some recommendations and best practices to test out for your Twitter strategy.
First up, the best time to tweet for clicks.
Looking at the data, we found the following trends for maximizing your chance to get more clicks:
Tweets sent between 2:00 and 3:00 a.m. earn the most clicks on average
The highest number of clicks per tweet occurs between 2:00 a.m. and 4:00 a.m., peaking between 2:00 and 3:00 a.m.
The fewest clicks per tweet happen in the morning (when tweet volume is particularly high), between 9:00 a.m. and 1:00 p.m..
The data in the below chart is the worldwide average, calculated for the local time in each time zone. So the peak at the 2:00 a.m. hour would hold true as the overall top time no matter which time zone you’re in—2:00 a.m. in Los Angeles, New York, Cape Town, Hong Kong, etc.
For the specifics on each of the best time to tweet for clicks in each of the major time zones in Buffer, here’s a breakdown.
Los Angeles, San Francisco, etc. (Pacific Time): 2:00 a.m.
Denver (Mountain Time): 7:00 p.m.
Chicago (Central Time): 2:00 a.m.
New York, Boston, Atlanta, Miami, etc. (Eastern Time): 11:00 p.m.
Madrid, Rome, Paris, Berlin, etc. (Central European): 2:00 a.m.
Cape Town, Cairo, Istanbul, etc. (Eastern European): 8:00 p.m.
Sydney (Australian Eastern): 2:00 a.m.
Hong Kong (Hong Kong Time): 5:00 a.m.
Shanghai, Taipei, etc. (China Time): noon
Tokyo (Japan Time): 8:00 a.m.
Takeaways & thoughts:
Clicks was far and away the largest engagement metric that we tracked in this study (compared to retweets, replies, and favorites).
Some of the recommended best times for individual time zones show thatnon-peak hours are the top time to tweet for clicks. This data may reflect some particularly high-achieving posts—some outliers—that bring up the average when the volume of tweets is lowest. Still, it’d be a great one to test for your profile to see what results you get.
One neat thing to keep in mind is that a non-peak hour in, say, Los Angeles may correspond to a peak hour in London or Paris. The worldwide audience is definitely one to consider when finding the best time to tweet.
The best times for overall engagement with your tweet
We define engagement as clicks plus retweets, favorites, and replies. When looking at all these interactions together, we found the following trends formaximizing your chance to get the most engagement on your tweets:
Tweets sent between 2:00 and 3:00 a.m. earn the most total engagement on average
The highest amount of engagement per tweet occurs between 11:00 p.m. and 5:00 a.m., peaking between 2:00 and 3:00 a.m.
The smallest amount of engagement happens during traditional work hours, between 9:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m.
Takeaways & thoughts:
The best times to tweet for engagement are quite the inverse of the most popular times to tweet. (The late-night infomercial effect—tweet when fewer people are tweeting—seems to be the case here.)
The best times for retweets and favorites on your tweets
Adding together two of the most common engagement metrics, we found some interesting trends for maximizing the retweets and favorites on your tweets, especially for those with a U.S. audience.
Looking at 1.1 million tweets from U.S. Buffer users from January through March 2015, here were some of the notable takeaways we found:
Tweets sent at the 9:00 p.m. hour in the U.S. earn the most retweets and favorites on average
The highest number of retweets and favorites occurs between 8:00 p.m. and 11:00 p.m., peaking between 9:00 and 10:00 p.m.
The lowest retweet-favorite engagement happens at 3:00 a.m.
(Interesting to note, the takeaways from this data compared to the worldwide engagement data differ slightly for a couple reasons: 1) clicks represent a huge portion of overall engagement, and 2) the worldwide vs. US datasets vary.)
We’d love to make it easy for you to share these results with your audience, your friends, your clients—anyone you think might benefit from them.
We studied all tweets ever sent through Buffer—4.8 million tweets since October 2010!
Based on this sample set, we looked at the number of clicks per tweet, favorites per tweet, retweets per tweet, and replies per tweet, in accordance with the time of day that the tweet was posted to Twitter.
Further, we segmented the results according to time zones, based on the assumption that the learnings might be more actionable if they could be specific to exactly where you live and work.
We had an interesting opportunity to consider whether median or average would be the better metric to use for our insights. It turns out that so many tweets in the dataset receive minimal engagement that the median was often zero. For this reason, we chose to display the average.